What is the Orthodox View on the Solus Christus Doctrine?

Solus Christus, the teaching that “Christ alone” is the means to salvation, was formulated in response to the strongly mediatorial understanding popular among sixteenth-century Roman Catholic clergy that only through the clergy can man approach God.  Solus Christus and Priesthood The fear is that a fallible human being would presume to stand between a believer … What is the Orthodox View on the Solus Christus Doctrine? Read More »
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Can Christians Lose Their Salvation?

Many Protestants think that they have an absolute assurance of their salvation, also called the doctrine of “eternal security” or “once saved, always saved”. For them it makes no difference—as far as salvation is concerned—how you live or end your life. You can announce that you’ve accepted Jesus as your personal Savior, and, as long … Can Christians Lose Their Salvation? Read More »

Did God Desire Slavery in the Old Testament?

Christians often hear from non-Christians that there is violence, wars and slavery in the Old Testament, and therefore the Christian God is an angry God. However, is this really the case? Did God really desire slavery in the Old Testament? Let’s take a deeper look at slavery in the Old Testament.  First of all, one … Did God Desire Slavery in the Old Testament? Read More »
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What is the Orthodox View on the Sola Gratia Doctrine?

The teaching of sola gratia is that it is only God’s grace that accomplishes salvation. This doctrine is closely associated with sola Fide, as faith is what activates saving grace. Sola gratia holds that man has absolutely no role in his salvation. That is, God saves you whether you want it or not. He also … What is the Orthodox View on the Sola Gratia Doctrine? Read More »
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Evidence for God’s Existence: Revisiting The Cosmological Argument in Light of Past-extended Big Bang Models

Modern scientific theories and hypotheses around the origin of the universe fully support the necessity of a non-material first cause, a “creator”, for the universe. For instance, both the Standard Big Bang Model, and the various proposed Past-extended Big Bang Models, necessitate a beginning of the universe and of time itself. As such, the argument … Evidence for God’s Existence: Revisiting The Cosmological Argument in Light of Past-extended Big Bang Models Read More »
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Is Sacramental Materialistic Worship Superstitious?

In the revivalist religious systems, salvation does not include the material body. Salvation is for the spiritual state only, isolating what is spiritual from what is materialistic. The isolation of the spirit and the material body in salvation is called dualism. In the revivalist view, Christians who preach that material reality has a role in … Is Sacramental Materialistic Worship Superstitious? Read More »

Is the story of Jesus just a recycled version of Ancient Myths?

Numerous people claim that the story of Christ is not only a fake story but also a recycled one from many ancient myths. This claim was mostly promoted by Gerald Massey, a self-proclaimed Egyptologist. He claimed that multiple gods share the virgin birth on 25th of December, and that it is not a Christian story. … Is the story of Jesus just a recycled version of Ancient Myths? Read More »

Are There Historical Accounts of Jesus Other Than the New Testament?

Numerous people are convinced that Christianity made up a part of the story of Christ, in order to back-up our faith. This raises the question whether history stands behind our claims on who Jesus really was, and more importantly what non-Christian historians say about Jesus?  Prior to digging deeper into literature, a few things should … Are There Historical Accounts of Jesus Other Than the New Testament? Read More »

Are the Deuterocanonical Books part of the Christian Bible?

Numerous Christians have difficulties with the Deuterocanonical Books, being unsure whether these books are part of Scripture or not. The Orthodox and Catholic Churches acknowledge these books, yet the Protestant Churches do not.  Prior to looking at their authenticity, what are the Deuterocanonical Books and why are these books named as such? The terminology ‘’deuterocanonical’’ … Are the Deuterocanonical Books part of the Christian Bible? Read More »

Is the Christian Faith Founded on the Bible Only?

The Sola Scriptura doctrine means “Scripture alone,” that is relying on the Bible as the only source for the Christian faith. For the early Protestant Reformers, Sola Scriptura led to an implicit divorce from the tradition that was abused by the Roman Catholic Church in some practices and teachings such as the papal infallibility and … Is the Christian Faith Founded on the Bible Only? Read More »

Can the universe exist independently of a creator?

In today’s post-modern world we frequently hear people make the claim that belief in God is contrary to belief in Science. Even among renowned scientists, many are atheists. Some of these scientists use their status to try and spread their message that it is not reasonable, or rational, to believe in God. While this appeal … Can the universe exist independently of a creator? Read More »

Is Intelligent Design a Valid Scientific Alternative to Evolution? Answers to Four Common Objections

Many scientists object to Intelligent Design as a valid scientific alternative to Evolution. Here are four of these objections and replies to them. First, Intelligent Design is not scientific  Intelligent Design is not a scientific alternative to Evolution because it leads to a “non-visible creator” which can’t be tested. Reply: Intelligent Design is a valid … Is Intelligent Design a Valid Scientific Alternative to Evolution? Answers to Four Common Objections Read More »

Evidence for Evolution or Intelligent Design?

The theory of evolution asserts that all living organisms are related, they descended from common ancestor(s), and the variations are explained by natural processes such as natural selection and genetic mutations. Scientists cite several evidences for evolution such as: Comparative anatomy: the study of differences and similarities between living things Embryology and development: how creatures … Evidence for Evolution or Intelligent Design? Read More »

Evolution vs. Intelligent Design: Which is a more reasonable explanation?

When Darwin proposed the idea that all living creatures evolved by natural selection, he wasn’t aware of the structure of the DNA as it was discovered later. The DNA carries the genetic information of the living organism and is responsible for the fundamental and distinctive characteristics of the organism. Bill Gates describes the DNA as … Evolution vs. Intelligent Design: Which is a more reasonable explanation? Read More »
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The Bible and Science: An Introduction

Many claim that “the Bible was written by ancient and primitive people and has no value to modern people anymore.” Some of the accusations even go further claiming that the Bible is promoting foolishness in reference to Biblical verses that are taken out of their context. One such verse in the first epistle to the … The Bible and Science: An Introduction Read More »
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Was the garden of Eden a real place or just a myth?

The Bible mentioned that “the Lord God planted a garden eastward in Eden, and there He put the man whom He had formed.” (Genesis 2:8). If Genesis is true, then where is Eden located? and why is there no archaeological evidence for its existence? Fortunately, the Bible described the location of Eden and named its … Was the garden of Eden a real place or just a myth? Read More »
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Is the Bible reliable?

For fourteen centuries, The New Testament has been copied by hand before copy machines were invented in the fifteenth century. Hand copying is very difficult due to the surrounding conditions like a poorly written or unclear original manuscript, bad lighting, cold chambers, uncomfortable conditions, and fatigue. One might expect that the manuscripts that came down … Is the Bible reliable? Read More »
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How were the books of the Bible canonized?

The Criteria of Canonicity is the decisive criteria that was used to decide which books are canonized, i.e. admitted to the Bible, and which are not. The criteria are: 1. Apostolic Origin, also known as Apostolicity, examines the identity of the author, i.e. does the author have the apostolic authority or not? The apostles were … How were the books of the Bible canonized? Read More »
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Does God break the laws of nature by doing miracles?

This question positions the laws of nature as if they are criminal laws, and as such, breaking them is immoral or unreasonable. Therefore, God cannot do miracles, because He can’t be immoral or unreasonable to contradict Himself. But that is far from the truth. Moral and civil laws are laws imposed on people to enforce … Does God break the laws of nature by doing miracles? Read More »
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Does the Bible say that the Sun was created after the Earth?

In Genesis 1, the Bible states that “in the beginning God created the heavens and the earth” (Gen 1:1). It also states that on the third day, God “let the dry land appear and called the dry land Earth” (Gen 1:9,10). However, on the fourth day, the Bible states that God “made two great lights, … Does the Bible say that the Sun was created after the Earth? Read More »

Do miracles contradict science?

The short answer is yes, miracles contradict science. In fact, without contradicting science, they would stop being miracles! The definition of a miracle is “a supernatural event that seems inexplicable by natural or scientific laws,” while science aims to explain naturally occurring phenomena.  But, that doesn’t mean that miracles don’t happen. It also doesn’t mean … Do miracles contradict science? Read More »

Does God tempt us?

The New Testament confirms that no one should say “when he is tempted, ‘I am tempted by God’; for God cannot be tempted by evil, nor does He Himself tempt anyone.” (James 1:13). Hmmm… doesn’t that contradict the fact that God tempted Abraham, and Job?  Well, the Bible teaches that all pain and death resulted … Does God tempt us? Read More »
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Did Jesus believe that the totality of scriptures is the divine word of God?

For many years, skeptics and scholars of textual criticism have attempted to poke holes, and cast doubt on the reliability of Holy Scripture. From the perspective of a skeptic, it makes sense to go after Scripture – because after all, scripture is foundational to the Christian Faith. There have been several questions over the years … Did Jesus believe that the totality of scriptures is the divine word of God? Read More »
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Is justification only by faith?

In the New Testament, Paul wrote to the Romans that “a man is justified by faith apart from the deeds of the law” (Romans 3:28). He also stated that “the law was our tutor to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faith.” (Galatians 3:24). He also mentions in his letter to … Is justification only by faith? Read More »
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Did Jesus Curse the fig tree before or after cleansing the temple?

In the Gospel of Mark we read “Now it was the third hour, and they crucified him” – Mark 15:25. This seems like a relatively simple statement – until we read the account of Jesus’ trial in the Gospel of John: “Now it was the Preparation Day of the Passover, and about the sixth hour” … Did Jesus Curse the fig tree before or after cleansing the temple? Read More »
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Was Jesus crucified before the Passover meal or after?

The Gospel of John states that Jesus was crucified BEFORE the Passover meal – John 19:14. John says that on Friday morning “they led Jesus from Caiaphas to the Praetorium, and it was early morning. But they themselves did not go into the Praetorium, lest they should be defiled, but that they might eat Passover.” … Was Jesus crucified before the Passover meal or after? Read More »
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Was Jesus crucified on the 3rd or 6th hour?

In the Gospel of Mark we read “Now it was the third hour, and they crucified him” – Mark 15:25. This seems like a relatively simple statement – until we read the account of Jesus’ trial in the Gospel of John: “Now it was the Preparation Day of the Passover, and about the sixth hour” … Was Jesus crucified on the 3rd or 6th hour? Read More »
Coptic Apologetics